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mod_authn_core - Apache HTTP Server Version 2.4









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Apache HTTP Server Version 2.4



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Apache Module mod_authn_core

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Description:Core Authentication
Status:Base
ModuleIdentifier:authn_core_module
SourceFile:mod_authn_core.c
Compatibility:Available in Apache 2.3 and later
Summary

    This module provides core authentication capabilities to
    allow or deny access to portions of the web site.
    mod_authn_core provides directives that are
    common to all authentication providers.

Topics

 Creating Authentication Provider Aliases
Directives

 AuthName
 <AuthnProviderAlias>
 AuthType

Bugfix checklisthttpd changelogKnown issuesReport a bugSee also

Comments


Creating Authentication Provider Aliases

    Extended authentication providers can be created
    within the configuration file and assigned an alias name.  The alias
    providers can then be referenced through the directives
    AuthBasicProvider or
    AuthDigestProvider in
    the same way as a base authentication provider.  Besides the ability
    to create and alias an extended provider, it also allows the same
    extended authentication provider to be reference by multiple
    locations.

    Examples

        This example checks for passwords in two different text
        files.

        Checking multiple text password files# Check here first
<AuthnProviderAlias file file1>
    AuthUserFile "/www/conf/passwords1"
</AuthnProviderAlias>

# Then check here
<AuthnProviderAlias file file2>   
    AuthUserFile "/www/conf/passwords2"
</AuthnProviderAlias>

<Directory "/var/web/pages/secure">
    AuthBasicProvider file1 file2
    
    AuthType Basic
    AuthName "Protected Area"
    Require valid-user
</Directory>


        The example below creates two different ldap authentication
        provider aliases based on the ldap provider.  This allows
        a single authenticated location to be serviced by multiple ldap
        hosts:

        Checking multiple LDAP servers<AuthnProviderAlias ldap ldap-alias1>
    AuthLDAPBindDN cn=youruser,o=ctx
    AuthLDAPBindPassword yourpassword
    AuthLDAPURL ldap://ldap.host/o=ctx
</AuthnProviderAlias>
<AuthnProviderAlias ldap ldap-other-alias>
    AuthLDAPBindDN cn=yourotheruser,o=dev
    AuthLDAPBindPassword yourotherpassword
    AuthLDAPURL ldap://other.ldap.host/o=dev?cn
</AuthnProviderAlias>

Alias "/secure" "/webpages/secure"
<Directory "/webpages/secure">
    AuthBasicProvider ldap-other-alias  ldap-alias1
    
    AuthType Basic
    AuthName "LDAP Protected Place"
    Require valid-user
    # Note that Require ldap-* would not work here, since the 
    # AuthnProviderAlias does not provide the config to authorization providers
    # that are implemented in the same module as the authentication provider.
</Directory>

    



AuthName Directive

Description:Authorization realm for use in HTTP
authentication
Syntax:AuthName auth-domain
Context:directory, .htaccess
Override:AuthConfig
Status:Base
Module:mod_authn_core

    This directive sets the name of the authorization realm for a
    directory. This realm is given to the client so that the user
    knows which username and password to send.
    AuthName takes a single argument; if the
    realm name contains spaces, it must be enclosed in quotation
    marks.  It must be accompanied by AuthType and Require directives, and directives such
    as AuthUserFile and
    AuthGroupFile to
    work.

   For example:

   AuthName "Top Secret"


    The string provided for the AuthName is what will
    appear in the password dialog provided by most browsers.

See also

Authentication, Authorization, and
    Access Control
mod_authz_core



<AuthnProviderAlias> Directive

Description:Enclose a group of directives that represent an
extension of a base authentication provider and referenced by
the specified alias
Syntax:<AuthnProviderAlias baseProvider Alias>
... </AuthnProviderAlias>
Context:server config
Status:Base
Module:mod_authn_core

    <AuthnProviderAlias> and
    </AuthnProviderAlias> are used to enclose a group of
    authentication directives that can be referenced by the alias name
    using one of the directives 
    AuthBasicProvider or 
    AuthDigestProvider.

    This directive has no affect on authorization, even for modules that
    provide both authentication and authorization.



AuthType Directive

Description:Type of user authentication
Syntax:AuthType None|Basic|Digest|Form
Context:directory, .htaccess
Override:AuthConfig
Status:Base
Module:mod_authn_core

    This directive selects the type of user authentication for a
    directory. The authentication types available are None,
    Basic (implemented by
    mod_auth_basic), Digest
    (implemented by mod_auth_digest), and
    Form (implemented by mod_auth_form).

    To implement authentication, you must also use the AuthName and Require directives.  In addition, the
    server must have an authentication-provider module such as
    mod_authn_file and an authorization module such
    as mod_authz_user.

    The authentication type None disables authentication.
    When authentication is enabled, it is normally inherited by each
    subsequent configuration section,
    unless a different authentication type is specified.  If no
    authentication is desired for a subsection of an authenticated
    section, the authentication type None may be used;
    in the following example, clients may access the
    /www/docs/public directory without authenticating:

    <Directory "/www/docs">
    AuthType Basic
    AuthName Documents
    AuthBasicProvider file
    AuthUserFile "/usr/local/apache/passwd/passwords"
    Require valid-user
</Directory>

<Directory "/www/docs/public">
    AuthType None
    Require all granted
</Directory>


    When disabling authentication, note that clients which have
    already authenticated against another portion of the server's document
    tree will typically continue to send authentication HTTP headers
    or cookies with each request, regardless of whether the server
    actually requires authentication for every resource.

See also

Authentication, Authorization,
    and Access Control




Available Languages:  en  |
 fr 
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